1915 Canakkale Bridge Project
- Client DLSY - Daelim, Limak Holding, SK E&C, Yapi Merkezi
- Location Çanakkale
- Status Delivered
Description of the activities Design and operations for the float up, temporary mooring, transportation and installation of two caissons forming the foundation of the bridge. The works included an installation spread using two tugs on anchor and two DP vessel, a custom made, remote controlled, (de-)ballasting system and an inventive positioning system on the sea bottom.
The new bridge is expected to improve the transportation network in the country, and promote socio-economic growth and tourism.
The first part of the caissons was built in a dry dock. The caissons were floated while flooding the dock and transported to the mooring location just outside the dock. In the wet dock the second part of the caissons was built including the shafts on top. By slackening the mooring wires, the increasing draft of the caissons could be followed.
The installation of the caissons was done during a 60 hour operation. Within this time 66.000 m3 of water had to be pumped into the caissons. To secure floating stability, 29 compartments were created which could be filled separately. Ballasting was done using a tailor made pumping system on a DP vessel. The water was pumped to the caisson through floating pipe lines connected to a
Four tugs ensured the horizontal position of the caissons during installation. The two northern tugs were connected to pre-laid seabed anchors. DP vessels were chosen on the south side because of the presence of many cables south of the installation location. A special guiding system was designed to achieve the very tight position tolerances at a depth of 45 meter and in current flows up to 1,25 m/s. On the sea bottom four steel pipes with guiding plates were placed and at the floor level of the caissons jacks were positioned. One meter above final position the jacks were pushed out against the guiding plates. Eventually both caissons were positioned within 10 mm from target position.
Today we create tomorrow
Total amount of elements: 2
- Concrete box (LxBxH) = 83,3 x 74 x 16/21m
- Steel shafts (DxH) = 18 x 23/26m
Water depth: 37/45 m
Weight: 66.000 ton (floating)
Foundation: Gravel bed
Transport distance: 2,6 nmi
• Horizontal tolerance x and y: +/- 200 mm at the centre of both shafts
Limiting design conditions for installation:
• Wave height (Hs) ≤ 1,75 m
• Wind speed ≤ 17,9 m
• Current velocity ≤ 1,25 m/s